- Site selection - select sites that are close to existing infrastructure and that have the least negative impact on the natural world by preserving prime farmland, wildlife corridors, wetlands, etc.
- Site orientation for solar gain/wind protection - in this region it means aligning the structure to take advantage of solar potential while mitigating the impact of the wind.
- Stormwater management - design to increase areas with permeable surfaces and to reduce, or recapture and re-use, stormwater. Includes strategies like green roofs, permeable pavement, reduced building footprint, filtration basins and constructed wetlands.
- Light pollution - minimize impact of building and site lighting on night sky visibility.
- Heat island effects - designing with the minimum amount of hardscape (concrete, asphalt, etc.) and balancing those areas with trees, shrubs, etc. to provide shading.
- Landscaping for solar gain - selecting and siting trees and shrubs so that they provide solar gain in the winter and shade in the summer.
- Native and water-wise landscaping - appropriate plant selection for our high desert climate
- Drip irrigation - efficient application of water directly to the area of plant roots can result in up to 70% reduction in water use.
- Sustainable plant care products - create a plant care plan that uses organic fertilizers, insecticides, and herbicides appropriately to minimize harm to birds, soil organisms, beneficial insects and people.
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